Copenhagen Metro

At present, the system operates through 2 lines, M1 and M2 and has a total 20.4 km long route. The two routes share a common section. There are altogether 22 stations along the routes. 9 of them are built underground. Metro Service operates the system. According to 2013 record, annually, the system carries 55 million passengers. The trains run at a maximum speed of 80 km/h.

Historical Background

Copenhagen Metro is a property of Metroselskabet, a joint venture of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg city municipalities and Denmark’s Ministry of Transport. The system was conceived as an integral part of Ørestad area’s redevelopment program. Ørestad Development Corporation which was in charge of these renovation works explored several mass transit options and finally decided for a light rail system. The plan was approved in 1992.

Construction of Stage 1 started in 1996. Copenhagen Metro Construction Group was given the responsibility to construct the lines and Ansaldo STS to deliver the trains and the associated technology. The later was also assigned the task to operate the lines for the first five years but it reassigned the responsibility to Metro Service.

  • Stage 1 was opened on 19th October 2002. It covered the Nørreport to Vestamager and Lergravsparken route. It was opened by Queen Margrethe II.
  • Stage 2, the section between Vanløse and Nørreport was opened in 2003.
  • Stage 3, from Lufthavnen to Lergravsparken was opened in 2007. The same year, the Metroselskabet I/S became the owner of the metro.

Hours of Operation

The metro network is open 24/7, though the frequency of trains varies at different times of the day. During peak hours, between 7 AM – 9 AM and 2 PM – 6 PM, one train comes every 2 minutes (on the common section) or 4 minutes (on the single section). Expect a train every 3 minutes on common section and every 6 minutes on single section at all other times. On Friday and Saturday, from midnight to early morning, the frequency is every 7 to 8 minutes (on the common section) or 15 minutes (on the single section). On rest of the nights, the headway is 20 minutes on all sections.

Get the metro timetable here.

Lines and Stations

34, 3-car AnsaldoBreda Driverless Metro trains run on the lines. However, the stations can support 4 car trains by modifying the automatic doors. The trains are operated by computerized train control system located at the Control and Maintenance Center near Vestamager Station.

The stations are open and bright. The designs are created by KHR Arkitekter. In 2005, Forum Station got a nomination for the European Union Prize in the category Contemporary Architecture.

Starting at Vanløse up to Christianshavn, the lines have a common track. After that, they split. Line M1 takes the Ørestad Line to Vestamager, Line M2 takes the Østamager Line to the airport. Starting from Nørreport, it takes around 15 minutes to reach the airport, 14 minutes to reach Vestamager and 9 minutes to reach Vanløse.

M1

M1 is indicated by green color on the map. It is a 13.9 km long line and has 15 stations along it. Starting from Vanløse Station it runs up to Vestamager Station. It is the prime mass transport option when people of Ørestad neighborhood need to reach the city center. It takes around 23 minutes to make a complete travel along the route.

M1 runs from Vanløse area and goes through the Frederiksberg municipality, the Lindevang industrial and housing areas, city center etc. Important spots along the route are a campus of Copenhagen Business School, University of Copenhagen (Frederiksberg Campus), Royal Danish Academy of Music, Field’s shopping center and multiple corporate offices.

The stations on this line are: Vestamager, Vanløse, Lindevang, Fasanvej, Frederiksberg, Nørreport, Forum, Flintholm, Peblinge Sø, Kongens Nytorv, Islands Brygge, Christianshavns Kanal, Christianshavn, DR Byen, Sundby, Stadsgraven, Bella Center, ØrestadTrain, E20

M2

On the map, M2 appears yellow in color. It is 14.2 km long and has 16 stations along it. It connects Lufthavnen to Vanløse running through the Copenhagen city center. The line offers a convenient connection to Copenhagen Airport. The station Lufthavnen is under the Terminal 3 of Copenhagen Airport. From this station, passengers can transfer to international trains to Sweden, intercity trains to Stockholm, DSB trains etc.

Some of the sights and landmarks on M1 line can also be reached through M2 line. The areas near Amagerbro Station are known for its shopping, dining and recreation facilities. It also passes through industrial areas, residential neighborhoods, beach localities etc. A complete travel along this line takes about 24 minutes.

The stations on this line are: Lufthavnen, Vanløse, Fasanvej, Frederiksberg, Forum, Peblinge Sø, Lindevang, Nørreport, Kongens Nytorv, Flintholm, Christianshavns Kanal, Lergravsparken, Christianshavn, E20, Amagerbro, Øresund, Amager Strand, Stadsgraven, Femøren, Kastrup

Expansion

Initially started with these east-west and west-south lines, the metro system is going to experience massive expansion.

  • Constructions of M3 and M4 have already started. These are called City Circle Line as these are likely to form a circle surrounding the city center. These are completely underground lines and have no common route with M1 and M2. These lines should start operation in 2020.
  • A two-station section towards Nordhavn is expected to start operation in 2019.
  • In the Sydhavn, there will be an extension to connect to Ny Ellebjerg on S-train line. This extension should also connect to Copenhagen-Ringsted railway.
  • The F line of S train system may be upgraded to a metro line and named M5.
  • M6 and M7 lines are proposed to serve as western extensions of M1 and M2.

Fare and Ticket

Under the proof-of-payment system, no one can ride the trains without a valid ticket. Metro area is divided into multiple zones and the fare is calculated similarly to other public transport systems in Greater Copenhagen area.

Tickets and passes can be purchased from the ticket vending machines located at the stations, on the trains or online. You can use either Danish coins or your credit card to pay for the fare. The cost of a two-zone ticket is DKK 24, the three-zone ticket is DKK 36 and the all-zone ticket is DKK 108.

Copenhagen Metro uses an electronic fare card system, called Rejsekort. However, this facility is available to the local residents only. If you’d like to avoid calculating zones and fare, buy a city pass. A good alternative is Copenhagen Card which you can use in multiple modes of public transport as well as to visit 73 local attractions. There is also Flexcard that allows you unlimited travel for 7 more days.

Passengers with City pass, Copenhagen Card and children under the age of 12 can ride the metro free of cost. Every adult can take two children under the age of 12 to travel with him free of cost.

Get the details on fare and ticket here.

Facilities and Services

Copenhagen Metro has every arrangement to ensure the safety and comfort of the passengers.

  • The tunnel on M1 and M2’s route has emergency exits after every 600 m.
  • Special tickets are available for bikes and pets.
  • All the stations include information column with a large information screen. The stations are created disabled- friendly.
  • To reach the surface level from the underground stations, escalators and elevators are built.
  • Adjacent to all the stations parking is available for bikes, buses, cars etc.
  • Metro Customer Service keeps all the lost items found up to 10 days.
  • When the metro is delayed for more than half an hour, the authority to some extent covers up the expenses of alternative mode of transport.

Rules

Every traveler must comply with these metro rules:

  • The tickets have validity periods of either 60, 90 or 120 minutes. The period starts immediately after purchasing the tickets.
  • The penalty for not buying a ticket or for traveling with an invalid ticket is DKK 750.
  • Passengers must wait behind the platform screen door until the signal comes to board the trains.
  • Metro Stewards may anytime ask to show you your ID card. Make sure you always carry it with you while traveling by Copenhagen Metro.

Get the details of metro rules and facilities here.

Tips

These tips may help to save your time and effort while on this metro journey.

  • From the airport, all the trains run in the same direction. Don’t worry about choosing the right train.
  • Keep in mind that the ticket machines don’t accept Danish notes.
  • If you require assistance to get in and off the trains use the yellow call points to contact the Metro Stewards.

Media

Copenhagen metro map

  • Passengers/Day 126000
  • Fares: 2.81
  • 24h operation: Every night: Metro
  • Air Conditioning: All metro and S-Tog trains
  • Walk between platforms: Yes
  • Driverless trains: All metro lines (since 2002)
  • Screen Doors Platforms: All underground stations
  • Average Speed: 40km/h
  • Max. Speed: 80km/h
  • Operator: Metro Service
  • DKK 24
  • Copenhagen Metro Official Website
  • Tlf: +45 70 151615
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Metro map of Copenhagen

Metro map of Copenhagen Full resolution
Map via intl.m.dk
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