The Valencia Metro is a subway service in the city of Valencia, Venezuela. It was officially opened to the public on November 18th, 2007. It has 9 stations and two lines. It allows transfers to the trains of the national railway service, as well as between lines 1 and 2. The metro does not go directly to the airport, but there are two stations relatively close to the airport. The standard ticket price is 0.40 USD. The metro service is available between 6:00 am and 11:00 pm. As a tip, bring cash, since it is the only way of buying tickets. If you bring a stroller to the metro, make sure to fold it before you board the train. As a fun fact, the tunnels for the metro were done by a tunnel boring machine also used in the construction of a tunnel in Canada. There are 17 stations planned to be built. There are many malls and other points of interest near the Monumental metro station.
Valencia is the capital of the state of Carabobo, Venezuela. It is one of the cities with the highest number of industries in the country. Valencia is also a city of historic importance, since it hosted one of the most important battles for the independence of Venezuela. Even though it is mostly an urban setting, Valencia also has many parks. One of the most important lakes in Venezuela, the Valencia Lake, is located in this city. The city is surrounded by hills and mountains.
The public means of transportation are comprised of buses, the trains from the national railway, and the metro. There are also taxis available. In the previous century, Valencia used to have a tramway service. However, on March 31st, 1947, the tram service in Valencia was eliminated. The metro service in the city is called the Valencia Metro. It is managed by the Ministry of Infrastructure. The metro offers transportation to over 1,450,000 people that live in the city of Valencia.
The Valencia Metro began construction on 1994. However, due to a lack of financial support, the construction came to a halt. In 1997, there were discussions about resuming the construction of the metro. The tunnels were initially excavated by workers using shovels. However, on 2000, a tunnel boring machine was acquired and utilized to excavate the tunnels for the metro. During this year, the Valencia Metro got fully funded to continue its construction. The total costs for the Valencia Metro project were around 800 million American dollars.
The metro started service on November 18th, 2006, with the opening of line 1. However, it was only partially finished. During this time, only three stations were available. During its initial year, the metro was free for everyone. Afterwards, the Valencia Metro was officially inaugurated on November 18th, 2007. More stations were opened. Nowadays, people need to pay in order to board the trains.
During its official inauguration, seven stations were operational. These stations covered a total length of approximately five kilometers of railway. The latest stations were opened to the public in 2015, with the addition of over 1.4 kilometers of railway to the Valencia Metro. The metro’s line 2 is not fully finished. The construction of its stations started on July, 2007. However, on December, 2009, the works for line 2 were halted. Line 2’s construction was resumed on October 24th, 2011. Once finished, line 2 will have a total railway of over 4 kilometers.
The Valencia Metro has two lines and 9 stations. Every platform has length of 120 meters. All of the electrical equipment is provided by the company Siemens. The tunnels were excavated in a trench-like shape. Every station is located underground. Also, each stations has six escalators. Each building has two underground levels. In the first level, you can buy tickets for the train. Then, in the second level, you will find the platforms. The total number of rail cars is 12. The stations for each line are the following:
Line 1: Its stations are located in the municipalities of Valencia and Naguanagua. Service begins at Monumental station, and ends at Cedeño station. It has the following 9 stations:
Line 2: It has only one operational station.
1) Lara: It is the same station as in line 1.
Lara station is a transfer point between line 1 and 2.
At one of the future stations, you will be able to make a connection with the trains of the national railway service of the Great Venezuela Railway.
The only airport in Valencia is the Arturo Michelena Valencia International Airport. The only other nearby airport is Maiquetía International Airport, located in the district of Caracas. The Caracas airport is at a 2 hour drive from Valencia. Therefore, if you want to travel between the Valencia Metro and the airport, you should go to the Arturo Michelena Airport.
The closest metro station to the Valencia Airport is San Diego station. The travel time between this station and the airport is 15 minutes by car. Another nearby station to the airport is Las Ferias station.
The Valencia Metro is operational from Monday to Friday, with the exception of holidays. The metro starts service at 6:00 am, and remains operational until 11:00 pm. During peak hours, there are trains available every 10 minutes. On the other hand, during off-peak hours, the trains are available every 20 minutes. It takes around 12 minutes to travel between downtown Valencia and Monumental station.
There are two types of tickets available: the regular tickets, and the tickets for students. The price for the regular tickets is 4 Bolivares (0.40 USD). Meanwhile, the price for the tickets for students is of 1.2 Bolivares (0.12 USD). As it can be observed, it is one of the cheapest tickets for a metro service in the world.
Some people do not have to pay to use the metro. Children under four years old travel for free. Additionally, senior citizens and people with disabilities can use the Valencia Metro without needing to pay the metro’s fares.
There are no cards available for the Valencia Metro.
Some of the rules are the same as in most metro services. For instance, you should not smoke within the metro’s facilities. Also, your baggage should not obstruct other passengers. As common sense dictates, you should not assault neither passengers nor the metro’s personnel. Make sure to always obey the personnel’s orders. This includes not entering into areas that are of exclusive use of the metro’s personnel. It is dangerous to try to force open the trains’ doors, therefore, you shall not do it. Also, avoid leaning on the trains’ doors.
Some other rules include:
There are currently four stations under construction, 17 stations that are planned to be built, and two unfinished stations that are open to the public. The stations under construction are El Viñedo, Los Sauces, Guaparo, and Majay. In the near future, Rafael Urdaneta station and Francisco de Miranda station will be finished. The stations that are still being drafted are the following:
Line 1: This line is planned to be divided into three parts. Only the first part is currently finished. The stations for the remaining two parts are the following:
Line 2: The planned stations for this line are the following:
All of these stations will be completed by 2020. Also, there are plans to construct new lines and more stations after 2020. One of the new lines that are planned for the metro is line 3.
Although every station is currently underground, there will be surface-level stations. This is possible because the trains get their electricity from an overhead wire. If the metro had to get its electricity from a third rail from the railway, it would be dangerous for pedestrians. As a consequence, the trains would need to stay underground. Therefore, the Valencia Metro trains will be allowed to travel at surface-level railways.
Line 2 will have a daily ridership of over 145,000 people after all of its stations are built. In San Diego, there will be a line 2 station. At this station, the metro will have an additional transfer point to the trains of the national railway service.
There are many national parks, malls, and many other points of interest in Valencia. Since Monumental station is one of the busiest stations of the Valencia Metro, it will be used as a reference point. Some of the nearby touristic attractions are the following:
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