Los Angeles Metro Rail is LA's system of train transportation. It opened in July 14, 1990. It has six lines: Blue, Red, Purple, Gold, Expo, and Green. Prices for passes range from $1 to $352 for different services (reduced rates are available.) It goes to places such as Hollywood and Disneyland. It connects to the airport via a shuttle towards the green line. Its lines will expand between 2019 and 2023. Transfers to other carriers of public transportation via EZ pass are also possible. The stations work every day from around 4:00 am until 1:00 am.
Los Angeles is the second city with the largest population in the US, and is the most populated city in the State of California, with around 18 million people. The city is famous for being home of Hollywood, for being the scenario of many movies, TV shows, and music. Los Angeles is diverse in culture, as well as in science, technology, entertainment, and other areas.
California initially had a system of railways, owned by the companies Pacific Electric and Los Angeles Railway for over 50 years. However, profits declined, which resulted in trains being replaced by buses and the removal of a lot of railways in 1963. However, people in the 1970s wanted trains back, since traffic increased. The Red Line of Los Angeles Metro Rail was the first rail to be built for this metro system. The last Metro Rail line to be built was the Blue Line. Los Angeles Metro Rail was opened to the public in July 14, 1990.
Metro Rail is comprised of six lines: the Purple Line, the Blue Line, the Red Line, the Expo Line, the Gold Line, and the Green Line. Four of them use light rails, while the other two use heavy rails. The colors make it easy to differentiate each line. There are a total of 93 stations.
This line opened to the public in 2006. It is around 10 kilometers long, and uses heavy rails. It has 8 stations, which go from Wilshire/Western to Union Station. Stations: Pershing Square, Westlake/MacArthur Park, 7th Street/Metro Center, Wilshire/Vermont, Union Station, Wilshire/Normandie, Wilshire/Western, Civic Center/Grand Park
It opened to the public in 1990, and it is around 34 kilometers long. It uses light rails. It has 22 stations, which go from 7th Street/Metro Center to Downtown Long Beach. Stations: Grand/LATTC, San Pedro Street, 7th Street/Metro Center, Washington, Slauson, Vernon, Florence, 103rd Street/Watts Towers, Compton, Del Amo, Willow Street, Anaheim Street, 1st Street, Pacific Avenue, Downtown Long Beach, 5th Street, Pacific Coast Highway, Wardlow, Artesia, Willowbrook, Firestone, Pico
It opened to the public in 1993. It is around 26 kilometers long. It uses heavy rails. It is comprised of 14 stations, which go from North Hollywood to Union Station. Stations: Pershing Square, Westlake/MacArthur Park, Civic center/Grand Park, Vermont/Santa Monica, Hollywood/Vine, Universal City/Studio City, North Hollywood, Hollywood/Highland, Hollywood/Western, Vermont/Beverly, Vermont/Sunset, Wilshire/Vermont, 7th Street/Metro Center, Union Station.
It opened to the public in 2012. Its railway uses light rails, and is around 24 kilometers long. It is comprised of 19 stations, which go from 7th Street/Metro Center to Santa Monica. Stations: LATTC/Ortho Institute, Expo/Western, Jefferson/USC, Expo/Crenshaw, La Cienega/Jefferson, Expo/Sepulveda, Culver City, Expo/Bundy, 17th Street/Santa Monica College, Downtown Santa Monica, 26th Street/Bergamot, Westwood/Rancho Park, Expo/La Brea, Palms, Farmdale, Expo/Vermont, Pico, Expo Park/USC, 7th Street/Metro Center.
It opened to the public in 2003. Its railway uses light rails, and is 50 kilometers long. It is comprised of 27 stations, which go from APU/Citrus College to Atlantic. Stations: Maravilta, Pico/Aliso, Indiana, Lincoln/Cypress, Little Tokyo/Arts District, Heritage Square, South Pasadena, Lake, Fillmore, Allen, Monrovia, APU/Citrus College, Duarte City of Hope, Del Mar, Azusa Downtown, Arcadia, Irwindale, Sierra Madre Villa, Memorial Park, Highland Park, Chinatown, Southwest Museum, Union Station, Mariachi Plaza, East Los Angeles Civic Center, Soto, Atlantic
It opened to the public in 1995. Its railway uses light rails, and is around 31 kilometers long. It is comprised of 14 stations, which go from Redondo Beach to Norwalk. Stations: El Segundo, Crenshaw, Mariposa, Willowbrook, Vermont/Athens, Long Beach Boulevard, Norwalk, Avalon, Lakewood Boulevard, Harbor Freeway,wthorne/Lennox, Douglas, Aviation/LAX, Redondo Beach
The Metro Rail lines connects to other carriers in Los Angeles. Some examples are:
Once you arrive to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), look for a shuttle for the Green Line. Shuttles are available each 20 minutes from 5:00am to Midnight. The free trip will last 15 minutes. After arriving in Aviation/LAX Station, purchase a ticket, which costs $1.75. You also require to purchase a card from the vending machines. Use the escalator, and take the train to Norwalk Station. Then, you need to transfer to Willowbrook Station. Once in Willowbrook, take a train to the Blue Line.
There are many services offered at different prices.
-Local fares: When you board the metro, you can pay by showing a pass or by using the TAP card, a card where you store money and tap it into a sensor to pay. TAP cards cost $1 if bought in a vending machine, and $2 if bought at shops. They require to be bought along with a ticket or by inserting money into the card. Senior citizens, disabled citizens and students have reduced rates on Metro Rail's services, but only if they use the TAP card. The card cannot be transferred to another person, and only one is offered per passenger. It can be used indefinitely. Boarding without using the card (nor paying with cash) will result in a $250 penalty.
The local fares can be divided into: 1-Way Trip, 7-Day Pass, 1-Day Pass, 30-Day Pass, Metro-to-Muni Transfer, and 30-Day and Zone 1 Pass.
Another product worth mentioning in local fares is Stored Value, which is inserting cash into the TAP card. The amount of cash that can be inserted are the following:
The next service is Silver Line/Metro Express. The Silver Line trains go from Harbor Gateway Transit Center to El Monte Station. The shuttles from Metro Express go from South Bay to Downtown Los Angeles. Extra charges apply. The prices to use the Silver Line/Metro Express are divided into: Ride Base Fare, 1-Way Trip, Premium Charge, and Express and Zone 1 Premium Charge.
Another pass offered is EZ Transit Pass, which is a month-by-month subscription that only works on TAP cards. It allows you to transfer to other public transportation services outside of Metro Rail, covering over 20 transit agencies.
1) EZ Transit Base Pass ($110): This pass works in every Metro Rail line, but extra fares apply to Silver Line, Non-Metro express shuttles, and Metro Express shuttles. Senior citizens only pay $42.
2) EZ Transit Pass Zones: Available in any Metro Rail vehicle, and lets you transfer to other public transportation carriers in 13 different zones. Discounts for senior citizens only apply if they have the Orange TAP card. This card can only be obtained by contacting Metro Rail's customer support offices. The price in each zone are the following:
The public transportation agencies that accept the EZ Pass are:
In 2023, the Purple Line will add new stations in the following areas: Wilshire/La Brea, Wilshire/Farfax, and Wilshire/Cienega. The Green Line will also be expanded to include new stations in Aviation/Century in 2019, and in Aviation/96th in 2021.
There are guided tours available for the Purple, Red, and Expo lines. The tours explain how to buy a TAP card, how to transfer to other lines, how to locate connections, and how to use the mobile app. The tours are free and you can sign up to them online. Parking is available at every line. There are free and paid parking spots. Reserved parking lasts until 10:30 am, and is available at 11 locations.
One percent of Metro Rail's construction costs were used for paying the art pieces displayed inside the stations, which were made by over 200 artists.
In one of Red Line's stations, there are sculptures made out movie projectors of Hollywood from the 1930s. In the same station, the ceiling is decorated with movie reels. Some movies were filmed in Metro Rail's stations, some of which were: Red Line, Predator 2, While the City Sleeps, Collateral, Speed, among others.
The beach can be reached by going to Blue Line’s 1st Street station.
Over 1900 fossils from around 15 million years ago were found in North Hollywood and Wilshire/Vermont stations. The fossils included bones of animals and fossilized plants.
Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) will be used as a reference to get to these destinations using Metro Rail.
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