The Mannheim/Ludwigshafen Tramway Network is the tram system serving Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Mannheim and Heidelberg cities in Rhine Neckar area in Germany. It happens to be the most important mode of public transport in the Rhine-Neckar region. This vast tram network covers important tourist destinations, schools and universities, train stations and city centers in the region.
This meter-gauge system includes 10 lines covering total 103.4 km of route length. Of this total route length, 79.4 km lies in the Mannheim city and 24 km in Ludwigshafen city. The trams run at the maximum speed of 70km/h. Since 2005, a company called Rhein-Neckar-Verkehr GmbH is operating the system.
Construction of the tram network started in July 1877 in Mannheim. It became operational in 1878. At that time, it was operating as an inner-city horse railway. However, soon the need for a better connection was felt. Since May 1884, steam trams started running from Feudenheim to Mannheim. The steam tram system was extended further to connect Weinheim, Heidelberg and other nearby cities. There were only 6 lines and one tram used to come every 10 minutes.
In 1985, severe reforms took place in the system. To distinguish between regular and emergency trams separate numbers were given to them. With the introduction of MVG 2000 concept, further reforms took place. The six-axle articulated wagons were replaced by 50 low floor trams. In 1900, electric trams were introduced on the lines.
Tram service started in Ludwigshafen around the same time with the horse trams. Steam trams were introduced in 1890 between Dannstadt and Großkarlbach. Later the route was extended to cover also Meckenheim and Hochdorf. The Mannheim electric trams started to connect Ludwigshafen since 1902.
The tram service is there for you 24 hours a day. However, the frequency of trams is less on weekends and on late hours. In regular hours on weekdays, one tram comes every 10 minutes, on Sundays and holidays, every 20 minutes.
You can view the tram timetable for each stop here.
In Dec. 2008, some changes were made in the routes of Mannheim/Ludwigshafen Tramway Network.
1. Between Mannheim Paradeplatz and Ludwigshafen Berliner, lines 3 and 4 interchanged their routes.
2. Towards the south of Paradeplatz, lines 3 and 7 interchanged their routes.
3. Due to these changes, BASF and Mannheim Hauptbahnhof lost their connection. To transport the peak-hour passengers, line 8 was redirected to this route.
4. Lines 14 and 4 were integrated.
5. Line 12 stopped operation.
After all these adjustments, as of 12th June 2016, following are the operational tram routes and main stops along the routes.
Schönau, Waldhof Bahnhof, Alte Feuerwache, Paradeplatz, Schloss, Mannheim Hbf, Neckarau, Rheinau Bahnhof.
Feudenheim, Neckarstadt West, Mannheim Hauptfriedhof, Nationaltheater, Wasserturm, Neckarstadt West.
Sandhofen, Luzenberg , Alte Feuerwache, Wasserturm, Lindenhof, Mannheim Hbf , Neckarau West.
Käfertaler Wald (Line 4A) / Waldfriedhof (Linie 4), Hermann-Gutzmann-Schule, Mannheim Hbf, Bonifatiuskirche, Universitätsklinikum, Alte Feuerwache, Ludwigshafen Hauptfriedhof , Berliner Platz, Bad Dürkheim , Ludwigshafen Hbf.
Nationaltheater, Weinheim, Mannheim Hbf, Schloss, Abendakademie, Edingen, Heidelberg, Universitätsklinikum, Weinheim.
Abendakademie, Mannheim Hbf, Universität, Universitätsklinikum, Nationaltheater, Bonifatiuskirche, Käfertal, Wallstadt, Heddesheim.
Mundenheim, Rheingönheim, Ludwigshafen Rathaus, Berliner Platz, Mannheim Rathaus, Wasserturm, Neuostheim, (Trams stop at Maimarktgelände, SAP Arena and SAP Arena S-Bahnhof only in afternoon and in late hours).
Rheingönheim, Mundenheim, Berliner Platz, Ludwigshafen Rathaus, Mannheim Rathaus, Wasserturm, Neuhermsheim, SAP Arena S-Bahnhof
Vogelstang, Mannheim Hauptfriedhof, Nationaltheater, Abendakademie, Schloss, Berliner Platz, Ludwigshafen Rathaus, BASF, Oppau.
Oppau, BASF, Tattersall, Ludwigshafen Rathaus, Krappmühlstraße , Berliner Platz, Mannheim Hbf (Rheinau Bahnhof).
Bad Dürkheim Maxdorf Ludwigshafen Hbf Ludwigshafen Berliner Platz Mannheim Hbf Neuostheim, Seckenheim Heidelberg Hbf Heidelberg Bismarckplatz, RNV Express.
Luitpoldhafen, Berliner Platz, Ludwigshafen Hauptbahnhof, Friesenheim Mitte.
Mannheim Hbf, Schloss, Abendakademie, Alte Feuerwache, Universitätsklinikum, Bonifatiuskirche, Käfertal, Wallstadt West, Wallstadt Ost.
There are plans to extend the lines in Mannheim as well as in Ludwigshafen.
In Mannheim, it will be extended from Feudenheim to two directions, namely, Wallstadt and IIvesheim. However, on financial grounds, the implementation of the plan is delayed. Another potential route is going to be between Mannheim Hbf and Willy-Brandt-Platz. However, looking at the available area for building tram station and platform building, the project seems impossible.
In Ludwigshafen, Pfalzbau and Kaiser-Wilhelm-Straße stops will be renovated. The track of line 10, between Marienkirche and Friesenheim, also needs immediate attention. However, repair work is postponed till 2017. Further extensions of Line 4 etc. are proposed and approved but postponed due to lack of finance.
The complete route is divided into multiple zones and the travel fare depends on the number of zones a passenger travels. Multiple types of tickets are available to travel by Mannheim/Ludwigshafen trams. These include single journey ticket, multiple journey ticket, weekend ticket etc. Besides, for school students, apprentices and elderly people, special passes are issued by RNV.
There are five ways you can buy tickets of Mannheim/Ludwigshafen trams.
The operating company has introduced many facilities to make sure passengers enjoy the tram ride.
RNV has created a set of rules for passengers using the tram service. Make sure you take a note of these before you start your journey.
Travelling by Mannheim/Ludwigshafen Tramway Network is fun. More so if you know these fine tricks.
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