Metros in Italy: The Rome Metro

Rome is the capital of Italy. It is also the capital of the Lazio region. It has a population of over 2.7 million people. Rome is one of the most influential cities of all time in history because it was the capital of an empire that lasted over 2000 years, spreading its culture and religion to the whole world. Due to Rome's history, part of the city is protected by the UNESCO. Its history also makes it attractive to tourists worldwide. Nowadays, it is famous for sightseeing, fashion, and for doing shopping. It is divided into the following districts: Vatican, Modern Centre, Colosseo, Old Rome, Trastevere, North Centre, Nomentano, Aventino - Testaccio, and Esquilino - San Giovanni.

There are two airports in Rome: Leonardo da Vinci/Fiumicino International Airport, which is the biggest airport, and G.B. Palestine/Ciampino International Airport. Rome has high traffic, therefore, it is not recommended to drive if you are in the city for the first time. The city's means of public transportation include light railways, trams, buses, trolleybuses and the metro. All of these means of transportation are owned by ATAC (Tramways Company and Coach of the Municipality of Rome). 

History

The E42 Railway, the predecessor of the Rome Metro, was originally planned to be built in the 1930s as a means to connect the region of EUR with the station of Termini. However, World War 2 interrupted the construction of this railway system. The construction continued in 1947. The E42 Railway was originally inaugurated on June 28th, 1953. However, since there were barely any passengers, the E42 Railway was closed down. The E42 Railway was reopened in its official inauguration on February 9th, 1955.

The construction of the Rome Metro was approved in 1959. It was originally planned to have its first station in Anagnina. The construction of the metro started in 1964, but it was constantly interrupted. The metro was officially opened on February 16th, 1980, with the opening of lines A and B. Line A's original stations covered the regions between Cinecitta and Octavian. Line B's original stations covered the regions between Laurentina and Termini. On June 11th, 1980, line B was expanded to have a station in Anagnina. The construction of line C was proposed on January 1st, 2000. However, work on this line was constantly delayed, until it began on April 2007. Line C was officially inaugurated on November 9th, 2014. This line was later expanded on June 29th, 2015, with the opening of stations between the regions of Lodi and Parco di Centocelle.

Lines and stations

The Rome Metro has three lines: line A, line B, and line C. They are comprised by a total of 73 stations. The stations for each line are the following:

Line A: It has 27 stations, which are located between the regions of Battistini and Anagnina. The stations are the following: Battistini, Baldo Degli Ubaldi, Cornelia, Cipro, Valle Aurelia, Lepanto, Ottaviano-San Pietro-Musei Vaticani, Spagna, Flaminio-Piazza del Popolo, Repubblica-Teatro dell' Opera, Barberini-Fontana Di Trevi, Manzoni-Museo Della Liberazione, Vittorio Emanuele, Termini, Re Di Roma, San Giovanni, Furio Camillo, Ponte Lungo, Colli Albani, Porta Furba-Quadraro, Arco Di Travertino, Lucio Sestio, Numidio Quadrato, Giulio Agricola, Cinecittà, Subaugusta, Anagnina

Line B: It is divided into two branches: Northeast Diramation and East Diramation. There are some stations that are common for both branches. This line has the following 26 stations:

  • a) Northeast Diramation: It has the following four stations: Jonio, Sant' Agnese-Annibaliana, Conca d' Oro, Libia.
  • b) East Diramation. It has the following 7 stations: Rebibbia, Pietralata, Quintiliani, Santa Maria del Soccorso, Ponte Mammolo, Monti Tiburtini, Tiburtina
  • c) Common stations for both branches: Both branches share the following 15 stations: Policlinico, Bologna, Termini, Castro Pretorio, Colosseo, Cavour, Pirámide, Circo Massimo, Basilica S. Paolo, Garbatella, EUR Palasport, EUR Magliana, EUR Fermi, Marconi, Laurentina

Line C: It has the following 21 stations: Monte Compatri-Pantano, Malatesta, Pigneto, Gardenie, Teano, Parco di Centocelle, Mirti, Torre Spaccata, Alessandrino, Giardinetti, Torrenova, Torre Maura, Torre Gaia, Torre Angela, Due Leoni-Fontana Candida, Grotte Celoni, Bolognetta, Borghesiana, Graniti, Finocchio, Lodi

FR Lines: Ferrovie dello stato (State Trains)

Besides Rome metro and suburban lines, we can use trains FR (Ferrovie dello Stato) for urban transportation . The tickets are valid also for railway transport, metro and bus. At present there are 8 lines with high frequency service.

FR 1: Orte-Roma Tiburtina-Fiumicino

This line starts at Orte station, and ends at Fiumicino airport (Leonardo da Vinci). This line goes through the following stations: Orte, Gallese, Civita Castellana, Collevecchio, Stimigliano, Gavignano Sabino, Poggio Mirteto, Fara in Sabina, Pianabella di Montelibretti, Monterotondo, Settebagni, Fidene, Nuovo Salario, Nomentana, Tiburtina, Tuscolana, Roma Ostiense, Trastevere, Villa Bonelli, Magliana, Muratella, Ponte Galeria, Nuova fiera di Roma, Parco Leonardo, and Fiumicino Airport.

FR 2: Roma Tiburtina-Tivoli

Line starts at Tiburtina station and goes to Guidonia Montecelo. Stations: Prenestina, Serenissima, Togliatti, Tor Sapienza, La Rustica-Centro, La Rustica UIR, Salone, Ponte di Nona and Lunghezza.

FR 3: Viterbo/Cesano- Roma Ostiense

Starts at Ostiense station near Viterbo. This line's stations are: Roma Ostiense, Quattro Venti, Roma Trastevere, Roma San Pietro, Valle Aurelia, Proba Petronia-Appiano, Balduina, Gemelli, Monte Mario, San Filippo Neri, Ottavia, Ipogeo degli Ottavi, La Giustiniana, La Storta, Olgiata e Cesano. Despues de Cesano, las estaciones son: Anguillara, Vigna di Valle, Bracciano, Manziana-Canale Monterano, Oriolo Romano, Capranica-Sutri, Vetralla, Tre Croci e Viterbo Porta Romana and Viterbo Porta Fiorentina.

FR 4: Albano/Frascati/Velletri- Roma Termini

From Termini station to Ciampino. From here trains continue in regional service to Frascati, Albano Laziale and Velletri. A fourth destination, Frosinone-Cassino direction, is currently called FR6. The station that defines the urban section is Capannelle.

FR 5: Civitavecchia-Roma Termini

The line starts at Termini Station direction of Cerveteri-Ladispoli, ending upon reaching Civitavecchia. The station that defines the urban section is Aurelia station Its stations are: Maccarese-Fregene, Torre in Pietra-Palidoro, Cerveteri-Ladispoli, Santa Severa, Santa Marinella and Civitavecchia.

FR 6: Frosinone-Roma Termini

Line starts at Termini international station, follows the route of the FR4 til Ciampino station where heads to Frosinone and Cassino.

FR 7: Latina-Roma Termini

Line starts at Termini station and goes to Latina. First section to Campoleone is the same route than FR8. After Campoleone stops are : Cisterna di Latina and Latina.

FR 8: Nettuno-Roma Termini

The line branches from at FR7 Campoleone, to head towards Nettuno. Common stops within the urban area are Torricola and Termini. Other stops are: Pomezia - Santa Palomba y Campoleone, Aprilia, Campo di Carne, Padiglione, Lido di Lavinio, Villa Claudia, Marechiaro, Anzio Colonia, Anzio.

FR frequencies depends on many factors so we can't inform accurately.

Connections

The Rome Metro makes connections to other means of transportation also belonging to ATAC. This includes trains such as Roma-Giardinetti, Roma-Nord and Roma-Lido. This also includes the following bus lines: Line 90 (Termini Station - Via Nomentana - Via Stelvio - Largo F. Labia), COTRAL and Laurentina - Tor Pagnotta. The metro also makes connections to the following trams: Line 2, Line 3, Line 5, Line 8, Line 14, and Line 19. Finally, the metro also makes connections to Trenitalia and Roma TPL.

Connection to the airport

The Leonardo da Vinci/Fiumicino International Airport will be used as a reference. The metro does not go to the airport. However, you can make a connection with the suburban railway to go from the airport to one of the metro's stations. At the airport, take a FL1 train in the suburban railway, and go to the Ostiense station. You can board the line B trains in the metro at this station. Alternatively, you could go to Tiburtina station using the suburban railway. This station is also close to the metro. The suburban train's ticket costs €8.

You could also use the Leonardo Express train from the airport to Termini station to get to the metro. This station also works as a stop for many other train services. The Leonardo Express trains are available every half hour at the airport, and the trip to Termini station lasts 40 minutes. This trip costs €14.

There are also buses that go from the airport to Termini station. Among these buses are the Terravision bus, the COTRAL bus and the Schiaffini buses.

Schedule, timetables, and calendar

The opening and closing times for each line are the following:

Monday through Thursday, and Sundays

Line A: Opens at Battistini station at 5:30 am, and closes at Anagnina station at 11:30 pm.

Line B: The opening and closing times for each branch are the following:

  • Northeast Diramation: Opens at Laurentina station at 5:32 am (5:33 am on holidays,) and closes at Jonio station at 11:26 pm (11:27 pm on holidays.)
  • East Diramation: Opens at Rebibbia station at 5:35 am, and closes at Laurentina station at 11:28 pm.

Line C: Opens at Monte Compatri - Pantano station at 5:39 am, and closes at Lodi station at 11:30 pm.

Fridays and Saturdays

Line A: Opens at Battistini station at 5:30 am, and closes at Anagnina station at 1:30 am.

Line B: 

  • Northeast Diramation: Opens at Laurentina station at 5:32 am, and closes at Jonio station at 1:30 am.
  • East Diramation: Opens at Rebibbia station at 5:30 am, and closes at Laurentina station at 1:30 am.

Line C: Opens at Monte Compatri - Pantano station at 5:30 am, and closes at Lodi station at 11:30 pm.

Prices, tickets, and cards

Tickets, passes, and cards are available to pay the metro's fares.

Tickets

They are offered in two versions: to Rome, and to the whole region of Lazio.

      1) Tickets for rides in Rome: These tickets only offer rides to the city of Rome. They are divided into the following categories: BIT - Integrated Time Ticket, CIS - Integrated Weekly Ticket, Roma 24H Hour Ticket, Roma 48H Hour Ticket, Roma 72H Hour Ticket, BIT Regeneration Limited Edition, Roma - Viterbo Distance-Based Ticket, and Ferrovia Roma-Viterbo. 
  • 1.1) BIT - Integrated Time Ticket (€1.50): Offers one ride for 100 minutes after stamping the ticket. Works on the metro, buses, trolleybuses, trams, regional trains, and COTRAL buses. This ticket is sold at vending machines inside and outside of the metro, in ATAC offices, and in authorized shops.
  • 1.2) CIS - Integrated Weekly Ticket (€24): Offers unlimited rides until 12:00 am of the 7th day from the day the ticket got stamped.
  • 1.3) Roma 24H Hour Ticket (€7): Offers unlimited rides for one day. This ticket is only sold at ATAC offices, vending machines outside of the metro, and authorized shops.
  • 1.4) Roma 48H Hour Ticket (€12.50): Offers unlimited rides for two days.
  • 1.5) Roma 72H Hour Ticket (€18): Offers unlimited rides for three days.
  • 1.6) BIT Regeneration Limited Edition (€14): Offers a bundle of 10 BIT - Integrated Time Tickets. One of these tickets may be limited edition ticket. This bundle is only sold at ATAC offices.
  • 1.7) Roma-Viterbo Distance-Based Ticket: Offers one ride in the Roma-Viterbo Railway. Prices vary.
  • 1.8) Ferrovia Roma-Viterbo: Offers one ride in the Roma-Viterbo Railway to the regions of Flaminio to Piazza del Popolo. Prices vary.
    2) Tickets for rides in Lazio: These tickets offer rides in the region of Lazio, which may include rides to Rome depending on the ticket. These tickets may allow rides to Rome only if they have Zone A stamped on them, which counts as two zones for pricing purposes. They are divided into the following categories: BIRG-Integrated Regional Daily Ticket, BTR-Regional Tourist Ticket, and CIRS-Integrated Regional Weekly Ticket.
  • 2.1) BIRG - Integrated Regional Daily Ticket: It offers unlimited rides for one day for a number of zones. The prices per number of zones are the following: One zone = €3.30, two zones = €6, three zones = €8, four zones = €9.30, five zones = €12, and six and 7 zones = €14. Available at ATAC offices and authorized shops. 
  • 2.2) BTR - Regional Tourist Ticket: Offers unlimited rides for 72 hours (until midnight of the third day after stamping the ticket) for a number of zones. The prices per number of zones are the following: One zone = €8.90, two zones = €16.50, three zones = €22, four zones = €26.10, five zones = €33.70, and six zones and 7 zones = €39.20.
  • 2.3) CIRS - Integrated Regional Weekly Ticket: Unlimited rides for one week (until midnight of the 7th day of stamping the ticket.) The prices per number of zones are the following: One zone = €13.50, two zones = €24, three zones = €34.50, four zones = €42, five zones = €52.50, and six and 7 zones = €61.50.

Passes

Just like tickets, they are divided into rides in Rome and rides in the Lazio region.

    1) Passes for rides in Rome: Subscriptions for rides in Rome. They are divided in three categories: Monthly Personal, Annual Pass-Rome, and Monthly Impersonal.
  • 1.1) Monthly Personal (€35): Offers unlimited rides for a month. This subscription can be stored in either the éRoma card, or the Metrebus card.
  • 1.2) Annual Pass-Rome (€250): Offers unlimited rides for a year. It can only be stored in the Metrebus card.
  • 1.3) Monthly Impersonal (€53): Offers unlimited rides for a month. This subscription can be transferred to other people. In other words, this subscription can be used by many people using the same card. This subscription can only be stored in the Metrebus card.
    2) Passes for rides in Lazio: Subscriptions that offer rides in the Lazio region. They only offer rides to Rome if Zone A is included in the subscription, which counts as two zones for pricing purposes. These subscriptions are divided into six categories: Monthly Lazio, Annual Lazio, Annual Lazio Students, Monthly Lazio + Urban Service, Annual Lazio Students + Urban Service, and Annual Lazio + Urban Service.
  • 2.1) Monthly Lazio: Offers unlimited rides for a month. Prices per number of zones are the following: One zone = €24.50, two zones = €35, three zones = €59.50, four zones = €73.50, five zones = €91, and six and 7 zones = €108.50.
  • 2.2) Annual Lazio: Unlimited rides for a year. Prices per number of zones are the following: One zone = €172, two zones = €245.30, three zones = €404, four zones = €488.10, five zones = €590.80, and six and 7 zones = €688.40.
  • 2.3) Annual Lazio Students: Unlimited rides for students below 26 years of age. Prices per number of zones are the following: One zone = €141, two zones = €198.80, three zones = €329.50, four zones = €401.30, five zones = €490.10, and six and 7 zones = €576.40.
  • 2.4) Monthly Lazio + Urban Service: Unlimited rides for a month, with three optional tariff classes. Prices with the first tariff class are the following: One zone = €32.10, two zones = €42.60, three zones = €67.10, four zones = €81.10, five zones = €98.60, and six and 7 zones = €116.10.
  • 2.5) Annual Lazio Students + Urban Service: The prices with the first tariff class are the following: One zone = €202, two zones = €259.80, three zones = €390.50, four zones = €462.30, five zones = €551.10, and six and 7 zones = €637.40.
  • 2.6) Annual Lazio + Urban Service: The prices with the first tariff class are the following: One zone = €248.30, two zones = €321.60, three zones = €480.30, four zones = €564.40, five zones = €667.10, and six and 7 zones = €764.70.

Tips

During peak hours, take extra care of your luggage and the rest of your belongings while you are on the metro to avoid pickpockets.

Carry a city map with you or ask for directions during your stay in Rome. You could ask for a map in hotels. It is easy to get lost in Rome due to the confusing layouts of its streets.

Buy a Roma Pass if you stay for two or more days in Rome. This pass offers you rides in all of ATAC's means of transportation, allows you to enter in museums for free, and gives you discounts to concerts. Its price is €28.

Rules

The metro's stations and wagons are designed to allow easy access to people with disabilities. Among some of the services and accommodations that the metro offers to people with disabilities are: Braille writing on the buttons in the station's elevators, doors that open and close automatically, proper height between the platforms and the train doors to allow easy access for people on wheelchairs, information screens that help people with hearing impairments, guidance systems inside the metro for the visually impaired, among other services. Special lifts are available to help people who cannot use stairs. However, these lifts are not available if the ATAC staff is absent. Follow @infoatac on Twitter to check the availability of these lifts.

Park and Ride

ATAC has parking spaces available in stations. Prices vary. On-street parking spots are known as Blue Stripe stalls. 

- Blue Stripes parking: Prices in Blue Stripes' parking vary by zone. Parking is charged hourly. Some Blue Stripe parking spaces are free for up to three hours. These are available close to hospitals. The prices for the Blue Stripe parking spots are the following:

  •  1) Zones 1-4, 6, 7, 14, 15, 19: €1 per hour.
  •  2) Zones 5, 8, 9, 12: €1.20 per hour.
  •  3) Zones 10, 11, 13, 16-18: €0.5 per hour.

- Park and ride: Offers parking for a longer time than in Blue Stripes parking, with discounts available. They are located in: Metronio, Auditorium, Partigliani, Trastevere and Trieste.

- Bikes: If you enter with your bike to the metro, you must go to the reserved spots marked with a symbol depicting a red bicycle. You can bring bicycles for free if you have the Metrebus Subscription. In line A and in both branches of line B, you can bring folding bicycles any day at any time. You can bring bicycles to the metro whenever you want during August. ATAC is not responsible for any damage that you may cause to yourself or to others with your bicycle. The times when bicycles are allowed in the metro during any month except August are the following:

  • 1) Monday through Friday: From the opening time of the stations until 7:00 am, then from 10:00 am until noon, and finally from 8:00 pm until the stations close.
  • 2) Saturdays and holidays: All day long.

Fun facts

  •  1) All trains have air conditioning.
  •  2) The metro is ridden by around 900,000 people per day.
  •  3) Since there are a lot of old artifacts of historical significance buried below a few feet in the city of Rome, people have been worried that these relics may be destroyed during the construction of the metro. This is why the new stations for line C will be built below 25 meters underground. This way, no relic will be destroyed in the excavation for the new stations.
  •  4) Among the unearthed artifacts displayed in the stations are: Termini station: Mosaics, Future stations of Amba Aradam - Ipponio: Old barracks, Repubblica: Old wall.
  •  5) You can go to the beach by boarding the metro in line B and by making a connection to a Lido di Ostia train. After boarding this last train, head towards Ostia, which is close to the Mediterranean Sea.

Future expansions

Line B will have two new stations, which will go from Rebibbia to Torraccia - Casal Monastero. Its railway will be three kilometers long.

Line C will have 8 new stations. One of these stations, which will cover the regions of Lodi and St. John, began construction on May 2007. It is expected to open during late 2017, and its railway will be 0.5 kilometers long. Two new stations began construction on April 2013, which will connect the regions of San Giovanni and Fori Imperiali. These two stations will be inaugurated on 2023, and its railway will be three kilometers long. Five new stations will be built to connect the region of Fori Imperiali with the region of Octavian. Its railway will be six kilometers long.

A new line, line D, will be built. It is planned to have stations in the regions of Monte Sacro, Ostiense, Monte Sacro Alto, Trastevere, EUR, and Portuense. It will have 22 stations. Its railway will be 19 kilometers long.

Nearby attractions

The Termini station will be used as a reference point to go to Rome's touristic attractions using the metro. The nearby attractions are the following:

  • 1) Roman Forum: The trip lasts 19 minutes. From Termini station, take a line B train in the metro towards Laurentina for four minutes. Get off at the Circo Massimo station. Walk six minutes within this station to a bus stop. Take bus 160 towards Villa Borghese/Washington for three minutes. Get off at Petroselli. Finally, walk six minutes to the Roman Forum, Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6, 00186.
  • 2) The Colosseum: The trip lasts six minutes. From Termini station, take a line B train towards Laurentina for two minutes. Get off at Colosseo. Finally, walk four minutes to the Colosseum, Piazza del Colosseo 1, 00184.
  • 3) Trevi Fountain: The trip lasts 9 minutes. From Termini station, board the metro in line A towards Battistini for two minutes. Get off at Barberini. Finally, walk 590 meters to Trevi Fountain, Piazza di Trevi, 00187.
  • 4) The Spanish Steps: The trip lasts six minutes. From Termini station, board the metro in line A towards Battistini for three minutes. Get off at Spagna. Finally, walk 180 meters to Piazza di Spagna, 00187.
  • 5) Vatican City: The trip lasts 29 minutes. From Termini station, board the metro in line A towards Battistini for 8 minutes. Get off at Ottaviano. Finally, walk 1.59 kilometers to Vatican City.
  • 6) Appian Way: The trip lasts 35 minutes. From Termini station, board the metro in line A towards Anagnina for 10 minutes. Get off at Arco Di Travertino. Walk 10 minutes to Arco Di Travertino's bus stop. Board bus 765 towards Laurentina for 15 minutes. Get off at Frode Attico/Appia Antica. Finally, walk 390 meters to Via Appia Antica.

Metro map of Rome

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Rome Metropolitana map

  • Also Known As: Metropolitana
  • Passengers/Day 907000
  • Fares: 1.00
  • 24h operation: No
  • Air Conditioning: Yes
  • Walk between platforms: Yes
  • Driverless trains: No
  • Screen Doors Platforms: No
  • €1
  • Rome Metro Official Website

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