The Lille Metro is a 2 lines train system that belongs to Transpole, located in the city of Lille, France. It’s comprised of 60 stations, and connects to the airport via a bus shuttle. The metro’s fares can be paid with either tickets or monthly subscriptions. There are plans to extend the rail system in 2020. Its cars are driverless. It works every day from around 5:00 am until midnight. Lille Metro is one of Europe's largest automatic train networks.
Lille is the fourth largest city in France, located in a region called French Flanders, near Belgium. Its population is of around 230,000 people, as of 2012. The city is famous for hosting the Braderie, a street fair where food, crafts, and other goods are sold on the street at reduced prices. It is one of the biggest events in France. Its metro system is called the Lille Metro, which is owned by Transpole.
Lille Metro’s entire railway is around 46 km long. It has two main lines. Around 260,000 people use the metro daily. Tickets are checked via an honor system, which means that people can enter the metro even without the ticket. However, inspectors will randomly check if passengers have their tickets, and those who avoided paying will pay a fine. The metro's cars use rubber tires, and each car uses 750 volts of electricity, which come from a third rail. In stations, doors separate platforms from rail tracks, and both doors open at the same time. The metro does not have air conditioning. It drives on the right side of the rails. The gauge size is of around 2 meters.
Lille had a problem with transportation since some areas barely had any access to public transportation. However, some others had a high volume of traffic and too many buses. So the solution to the problem was the creation of a new railway: Lille metro would be an electromagnetic train. It was made to be fully automatic. This new train system, opened to the public in April 25th, 1983, was called the VAL system.
Lille metro system (France) is the world's first metro VAL technology employed, a closed system wheeled fully automatic. It is the new generation of metro systems, a small profile light railway that operates automatically and it needs no operator.
VAL is an acronym that means "Véhicule Automatique Léger" (Light Automatic Vehicle) but at first meant "Villeneuve d'Ascq – Lille"
Metro Lille has 60 stations, divided into two main lines: Line 1 and 2. It also includes two other extra tram lines. The lines are owned by Clear Channel Communications
It opened to the public in 1983, and was expanded in 1984. The train models used are the models VAL 206 and VAL 208. The rail system is around 14 km long, 9 of which is underground. It is used by almost 49 million people per year. The distance between each station is of around 800 m. It connects Villeneuve d' Ascq through the stations Lucerne in Pierre Mauroy to CHR B - Calmette. Initially, it only had VAL 206 cars. However, out of its 53 cars, only three cars are VAL 206, while the rest are VAL 208. The travel time in this line is 20 minutes. It travels to two municipalities.
The stations are the following: CHR Oscar Lambrett, Wazemmes, Rihour, Gare Lille-Flandres, Gambetta, République - Beaux-Art, Fives, Marbrerie, Lezennes, Pont de Bois, Triolo, Porte des Postes, Villeneuve d' Asqc - Hotel de Ville, Quatre Cantons - Stade Pierre-Mauroy, Hellemmes, Cité Scientifique - Professor Gabillard, Caulier, CHR B - Calmette.
It opened to the public in 1989, and was expanded in 2000. Its rail system is almost 32 km long, 26 of which is underground. The distance between each station is around 760 m. Its yearly attendance is of almost 47 million people. It has 80 VAL 206 cars, and 10 VAL 208 cars. It connects Lille with Tourcoing and Roubaix, and also goes to Villeneuve d' Ascq, Wasquehal, and Mons Baroeul, which is close to Belgium.
Its stations are the following: Bourg, Bois Blancs, Mitterie, Saint Philibert, Maison des Enfants, Port de Lille, Montebello, Mairie de Mons, Croix - Centre, CH Dron, Tourcoing - Centre, Eurotéléport, Gare Lille Flandres, Porte des Postes, Pont Superieur, Lomme - Lambersart, Canteleu, Cormontaigne, Bois Blancs, Porte d' Arras, Lille Grand Palais, Porte de Douai, Maire de Lille, Porte de Valenciennes, Gare Lille-Europe, Mons Sarts, Saint-Maurice Pellevoisin, Les Pres, Jean-Jaures, Wasquehal-Pave de Lille, Croix-Mairie, Epeule-Montesquieu, Roubaix-Charles-de-Gaulle, Roubaix - Grand Place, Gare - Jean-Lebas, Tourcoing-Sebastopol, Carliers, Colbert, Phalempins, Pont de Neuville, Mercure, Alsace, Wasquehal - Hotel de Ville.
There are two tram lines that can transfer to the metro, which are lines R and T. They belong to the Transpole network.
Opened to public in December 5th, 1909, and modified in September 4th, 1993. Its rail system is around 12 km long, connecting the routes Tourcoing and Roubaix. It is manually driven. The distance among its stations is around 600 meters.
Its stations are the following: Croise - Laroche, Eurotéléport, Gare Lille-Flandres, Romarin, Gare Lille-Europe, Botanique, Buisson, Saint-Maur, Brossolette, Acacias, Clemenceau - Hippodrome, Pont de Wasquehal, Wasquehal - Pave de Lille, La Terrasse, Le Sart, La Marque, Planche - Epinoy, Villa Cavrois, Alfred - Mongy, Bol d' Air, Parc Barbieux, Hopital Victor-Provo, Jean-Moulin.
It shares most of its characteristics with line R. This line's most recent modification was in July 20th, 2013. Its rail system is approximately 13 km long.
Its stations are the following: Tourcoing - Centre, Croise - Laroche, Galle Lille-Flandres, Romarin, Gare Lille-Europe, Botanique, Buisson, Saint-Maur, Brossolette, Clemenceau - Hippodrome, Foch, Le Quesne, Chateau Rouge, Triez, Cerisae - Centre d' Affaires, Cartelot, Trois Suisses, Ma Campagne, Faidherbe, Grand Cottignies, Victorie, Pont Hydraulique.
Lille Metro is also related to the following transportation networks: Lille's Buses, V'Lille, Metropole, and Lianas of Lille.
The closest metro station to the airport is in Gare Lille-Flandres. Lines 1 and 2 go to these stations. Take a shuttle from Lille's airport through the Lesquin exit, and go to Euralille shopping centre, which is close to Gare Lille-Flandres' stations. The whole trip will take 20 minutes. The airport's shuttle works 24 hours every day, including holidays.
All stations usually start at around 5:00 am until midnight. However, during holidays and Sundays, it starts at around 6:30 am. Here are the specific schedules (showing times when services begins and when it ends):
Tickets can be bought at vending machines located in each station. They can be paid via credit cards or coins. One ticket costs one euro, and is a one-way ticket that can transfer you from the metro to a bus or a tramway. There is also a bundle of 10 tickets, which you can buy for 10 euros. There is a ticket for three euros called Passe Journee, which lasts one day and has unlimited use. The City Pass ticket, which costs 14 euros, gives you have unrestricted access to museums and other points of interest in Lille, and it also serves as unlimited travels for the metro. More information about this pass is given in the Lille-Flandres station. Tickets are divided into the following categories: 4 to 25 Years, All Public, 65 Years and Older, and Combined.
-Pass Card (4 euros): For all customers. Card that can be used instead of tickets to pay fares.
-4 to 25 Years. For people aged four to 25. They include the following prices:
-65 Years and Older: Only applies for customers who are over 65 years old.
-All Public: Available to everyone not meeting the other tickets' conditions.
-Combined: Combines the benefits of many tickets in one.
Four stations will be added to line 2 in 2019. It will add five kilometers of rail to the area of Labege - Innopole. The length of the railway in line 1 will be doubled in between 2019 and 2020. Also, the automatic driving system will be updated in 2017. All old trains and machinery from line will be transferred to the trains in line 2.
There are plans to put screens at stations that will inform passengers about arrival and waiting times, as well as about accidents. In 2018, Metro Lille plans to add 4G antennas for stations, which would give phone service to the underground stations. In CHR B Calmette in line 1, an extension for the railway is expected in 2019. This extension will give easier access to the hospital, and give transportation to the students in the area.
At first, each district had a budget of its own to choose an architect and an artist to create stations within its municipality. This measure was taken at the time of construction of the Line 2. But at the time of the extension, some new stations have not benefited with artwork.
This area has unique food and architecture, which differentiates Lille from the rest of France. Lille has some dishes from Belgium, such as "moules-frites," as well as local and original dishes, such as "waterzoi" and "potjevleesch." Among the touristic attractions in Lille are:
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